Trees are the means by which humans connect with nature in general. A variety of trees together form what we call a forest ecosystem. The forest is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. Forests are not just holiday or camping destinations. These are the balancers and regulators. It is through the forest that the earth sustains life. We cannot imagine life if our forests are in poor condition.
The Amazon rainforest is the largest forest on earth, representing more than 60% of the world’s remaining tropical forests. The Amazon is the richest place in the earth’s biodiversity on the planet. This amazing rainforest is home to more species of birds, plants and mammals than anywhere else in the world. There are about 30% of the world’s species and 10% of the world’s biodiversity.
The Amazon also hosts hundreds of endemic and endangered species of plants and animals. In other words, they are the densest, sustaining an incredible biodiversity, having the largest river that crosses it. With an area of more than 5.5 million square kilometers, it is located on the South American continent.
It has been described as the “lungs of our planet” because it provides the essential global environmental service for the continuous recycling of carbon dioxide to oxygen. It is said to be responsible for producing 20% of the world’s oxygen.
Due to its considerable size and area, it is of great importance in the impact that forests have on our biosphere in total. It is a tropical forest located in the tropical region. The rainforest is a tall and dense jungle with a lot of average rainfall.
They show a great diversity of vegetation due to the climate and the location. This region where the Amazon rainforest is located is near the equator, so it receives enough sunlight throughout the year and the forest has mainly large leaves. Therefore, plants can perform more photosynthesis and store a large amount of solar energy.
These trees provide food for animals of all kinds, house many birds, reptiles and other animal species, as well as places of interaction. With the Amazon River flowing and covering 6,600 km, and containing hundreds of tributaries and small streams, it is home to the largest number of freshwater fish species in the world.
This forest regulates the climate because precipitation depends on the process of transpiration of plants. The polluted wind is naturally purified by the forest and participates in the water cycle. The humidity in the Amazon rainforest affects the climate of the neighboring regions and also affects the winds.
Amazonian forests are crucial for all mankind. The exceptional biodiversity of the Amazon is not only important for natural ecosystems, but also offers many benefits for humans. It certainly gives wood for industrial use to the modern world.
On top of that, the variety of herbs and herbs from the region used by local tribes can be used to treat many deadly diseases. They have a high economic value because they also serve as a reservoir of food, wood, medicines and rich mineral deposits.
They are essential because they still house the oldest tribes of human society in a raw and intact form. This highlights the possibilities of research to understand the development and evolution of today’s society. It presents a living example of adaptation by the organism and mutual coexistence.
For the rest of the world, it acts as a carbon sink and absorbs the main pollutants released into the atmosphere by the combustion of fossil fuels in industries and vehicles. In this way, it avoids the level of global warming that can occur due to the high amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases released into the air.
Indirectly, they control the fusion of polar glaciers and, together, the rise in sea level, thus preventing the flooding or immersion of small island nations away from the forest.
This natural region is a grace because it prevents erosion (the trees are attached to the ground), the groundwater is also not contaminated and the piety of the region is still largely maintained in the interior region to this day. The extremely dense jungle is home to many poisonous creatures, from spiders to snakes, which control easy deforestation.
But Amazon, a self-regulating and ecological ecosystem, is too sensitive. Since the entire system is integrated and raw, the effect of climate change is also