Lent refers to the forty days of sacrifice and prayer to the Son of God. Lent begins on Ash Wednesday and ends on Holy Saturday, after which the resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated. According to the Bible, Jesus did not eat anything during the forty-day period.
He was in the desert preparing for his ministry and fought against Satan. During the Lenten season of the Holy Catholic Church, Christians fast and sacrifice themselves.
They spend their time praying to God and follow what Jesus did during those forty days. During the Lenten season, the church altar is not decorated with flowers and no Hallelujah song is sung during mass.
Good Friday story
Jesus on the cross The history of Good Friday dates back to the fourth century. According to the Bible, Jesus preached in temples and healed people.
Jesus had twelve disciples, but one of them called Judas betrayed him. Judas gave thirty pieces of silver to the temple guards and had him arrested.
After that, he was forced to go to the stepfather of the high priest. He asked Jesus but did not get the correct answers.
Then he was under the captivity of the high priest Caiaphas. Many people gathered there. Some of them even testified against the Son of God.
All the high priests of the city ordered him to take an oath. He accepted the oath and said before them that yes, that he was the Son of God and that they would soon see him sitting on the right side of the Almighty. His death sentence has been passed and even Peter has denied knowing him.
The next day, Jesus was taken to Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor. He was accused of refusing to pay taxes to Caesar and calling himself king.
The governor ordered the Jewish leaders to rule on this issue in accordance with their laws. But the Jewish leaders were not ready to decide on the death penalty.
Later, Pilate learned that Jesus belonged to Galilee. Therefore, they transferred the matter to King Herod, the ruler of Galilee. Jesus was interrogated even by King Herod.
But there was no answer. Pilate then informed the crowd that neither he nor King Herod had found Jesus guilty.
The crowd demanded to call Barabbas, who was a prisoner. When the governor questioned the crowd about his relationship with Jesus, they demanded to crucify Jesus.
Pilate was afraid at the request of the crowd. He called Jesus to his palace and asked where he was from. After Pilate knew the answer, he told the crowd that Jesus was not guilty.
He didn’t want problems to happen, so he handed Jesus to the crowd. Jesus was forced to take the cross to the place of execution, Golgotha.
Simon helped him carry the cross. Jesus fell three times until he reached Golgotha. They hung him on the cross, nailed him and put a crown of thorns on his head.
He was crucified there with two criminals. Jesus was on the cross for six hours. After which Nicodemus, the disciple of Jesus held his body and enveloped him. Then he was buried.
This is what Good Friday is. Jesus rose the third day that people celebrate as their resurrection day.
Why is it known as Good Friday?
From the history of Good Friday, we see that it was a sad moment for Christians. Jesus was crucified that day and died for us. So why is a sad day called Good Friday? The world is full of sins. Jesus sacrificed himself and died on the cross for us.
He was ready to endure all the bad actions of his disciples. He wanted his disciples to celebrate his resurrection as a happy day. He no longer wanted his people to suffer.
He won against evil. It is thanks to Jesus’ sacrifice that people are forgiven for their sins and that they receive peace.
How is Good Friday celebrated?
Good Friday begins with fasting. Mass is not celebrated in the church. Instead, the disciples perform the Way of the Cross.
The Stations of the Cross refers to the fourteen stations that show Jesus’ journey until his death. It begins when Jesus was sentenced to death and ends with the body of Jesus buried.
The images of the fourteen stations are present in each church. After the Stations of the Cross, people sing hymns that speak of mourning and the death of Jesus. On this day, the altar is left empty.
Silence is maintained in the church. A cross similar to that of the crucifixion of Jesus is placed in front of the altar. People pray before this cross and kiss it.