Republic Day is celebrated on January 26 of each year. It was on this day that our country was declared a democratic country in 1950.
The proud nation of India obtained its own constitution on this day of the year 1950. Each country has its own legal operational framework in terms of acts, laws, rules and regulations. Our country was ruled under British rule and, therefore, by default, its doctrines were applied.
Later, when the country gained its independence from British domination, a necessary situation arose when the country had to be introduced into the legal framework constituted in accordance with the very essence of Indian land.
Therefore, it was necessary to create, recreate and modify existing doctrines to reach an exclusive and personalized framework for the Indian nation.
The leaders of our country had to carry out this task, for the well-being of their citizens and, above all, to find a world position with other similar nations.
So, to keep moving forward, the next step immediately after independence has been to create our own sovereign democratic republic. Thus, the Republic of India was born on January 26, 1950.
India has been confined to British rule for almost 150 years. India was governed by its rules and regulations. Everything happened under the dictatorship of British rule, from the imposition of taxes to the fundamental rights of citizens.
In general, every step and every movement of the compatriots has fallen under its grip and the country has lost all its glory and splendor.
The nation, rich and culturally vibrant, saw no rights in itself. The British take advantage of the gentile inhabitants of the country and monopolize their industries, their trade routes and their commercial activities.
Small entrepreneurs have fallen under the influence of British monopolization. They made India a supplier of raw materials for British lands in the Far East.
They took the raw materials to their lands to the east, prepared goods for them and then brought them back to India.
So, basically, they took the raw materials at a lower rate than the real price, exported to their country, returned the finished products to India and sold them in India at a much higher price than the real rate.
In this way, the British exploited Indian lands for more than a century and put all commercial practices and industrial establishments under their control.
The Indians quickly realized their madness and understood that their disunity caused mainly the external problems of the British. India was primarily a country of provincial states.
Each provincial state had its own king, official language, rules and regulations. Therefore, it was more as if the country were a puzzle of provincial states, where in each state it had its own set of nativity and no similarity to the neighboring province.
Therefore, kings were generally at war with each other and had almost no understanding between them.
The British used this fact of an unlikely unity between rulers and kings and made them fight even more to gain a considerable advantage.
Therefore, this led the country to disintegrate further and the British took full advantage of the situation.
These deficiencies were slowly understood by common men who later became great leaders of the nation.
Our nation was guided to freedom by these freedom fighters who helped attract many people to their orders and encouraged people to join the freedom movement.
Ordinary men realized that they had to be freed from the slavery of British rule and, as a result, the freedom movement grew under their leadership.
Gradually it became a generalized movement and the country saw a full participation in the struggle for the freedom movement.
Numerous large-scale campaigns, movements and sacrifices led to the realization of freedom on August 15, 1947.
Immediately after independence, the leaders of independent India established a drafting committee, who opted to establish a legal constitution that addresses the operational aspects of our country’s democratic republic.
The president of the editorial board was unanimously elected as Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. He and his team worked day and night, with all their probable efforts to write the constitution of our country and present it to the government in November 1947.